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This is an all natural, unique and proprietary formulation available only from TNS
is no other l00% all-natural Creme /Lotion Base on the market with a
proven all-natural, broad-spectrum preservative system...until now.
We have created a unique 100% all-natural 30% Glycolic Creme /Lotion Base that you can customize for your market and offer to your customers that will meet all your requirements.
The pH of this product is 0.6
You will need to adjust the pH to 3.0 before use or selling.
that can be used are: Sodium Hydroxide, Potassium Hydroxide, Calcium
Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate. Water will also bring the pH up but
will dilute your final Glycolic Acid %.
You will NOT need to add additional preservative (Tinosan SDC) to your
end formulation unless you add liquid ingredients by more than 50% the
quantity of the primary base (excluding Essential Oils and Fragrance
Oils). There are a few ingredients that can bind with the Tinosan and
decrease its effectiveness, like EDTA. Also, high salt content can
inhibit it as well.
mind that the addition of ingredients will slightly reduce the percent
of glycolic acid in this product so additional oils and additives should
be kept to a minimum.
FDA regulations and Labeling Requirements
Here is the direct link to all the FDA AHA information.
FDA recommends that the "Sunburn Alert" AHA labeling statement appear
prominently and conspicuously once in the labeling of a cosmetic
Be aware you must place this warning on your label and sell product at approved levels:
Alert: This product contains an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that may
increase your skin's sensitivity to the sun and particularly the
possibility of sunburn. Use a sunscreen, wear protective clothing, and
limit sun exposure while using this product and for a week afterwards.
CIR Expert Panel concluded that Glycolic and Lactic Acid, their common
salts and their simple esters, are safe for use in cosmetic products at
concentrations of 10%, at final formulation pH of 3.5, when formulated to avoid increasing sun sensitivity or when directions for use include the daily use of sun protection.
These ingredients are safe for use in salon products at concentrations of 30%, at final formulation pH of 3.0,
in products designed for brief, discontinuous use followed by thorough
rinsing from the skin, when applied by trained professionals, and when
application is accompanied by directions for the daily use of sun
What Are Alpha Hydroxy acids?
before the chemical structure, or even the existence of alpha-hydroxy
acids(AHAs)were known, they were unknowingly being used as an ingredient
for improving the condition of the skin. French women in the court of
Louis XIV washed their faces with old wine for the same reasons. Old
fashioned facial masks made from fruit, honey or yogurt were also
unknowingly taking advantage of AHAs as their active ingredient.
acids are commonly found and isolated from fruits of all sorts. That is
why they are referred to as fruit acids. For example, malic acid is
found in apples, citric acid can be isolated from most citrus fruits and
glycolic acid is commonly found in honey and sugar cane. Lactic acid is
found in milk that has soured and Tartaric acid can be isolated from
fermented grapes (wine) . It is the natural, feel good origin of
alpha-hydroxy acids that make them so appealing. Couple this with the
genuine hi-tech biochemistry that they exhibit and it is no mystery as
to why they are so popular.
How do AHAs Work?
full mechanism of action of alpha-hydroxy acids is not yet fully
understood. It is known however, that they function in two distinct
they can act as a simple humectant that absorbs moisture from the
atmosphere. When applied to the skin, these hydrated AHAs act to
increase the water content of the skin and thus moisturize the outer
layer of the epidermis (the stratum corneum) and consequently make the
skin softer and more flexible.
second method by which AHAs are thought to act is by reducing
corneocyte adhesion and accelerating cell proliferation within the
deeper basal layer of the skin. This exfoliating action of AHAs occurs
as a result of their ability to break the bonds between dead skin cells
that from at the surface of the skin. Skin normally as a dead layer of
cells at its surface (the corneocyte layer) and AHAs can speed up the
normal process of skin cell regeneration and sloughing.
results in increased flexibility of the skin as well as decreased
formation of large dry flakes at the surface of the skin. When applied
in the high concentrations of a peel, AHAs operate at a deeper level and
cause detachment of keratinocytes and epidermolysis.
lower concentrations, AHAs primarily reduce intercorneocyte cohesion
thus promoting exfoliation and thinning of the stratum corneum. A
thinner stratum corneum is more compact and flexible.
damaged skin is becoming more and more of a problem in our society.
Prematurely aged skin brought about by long term UV radiation exposure
(actinic aging), is in part caused by a thickening of the stratum
corneum resulting from increased corneocyte cohesion. Long term UV
radiation exposure also degradescollagen in the dermis layer of the
is also evidence that excessive amounts of abnormal elastic fibers also
tend to accumulate within the dermis of photodamged skin. Glycolic acid
at low concentrations works well to decrease corneocyte cohesion by
promoting exfoliation of the outer layers of the stratum corneum. This
is especially relevant since most pigmentation alterations associated
with photodamage can be attributed to the thickening of the stratum
of the evidence on how AHAs work seems to point to exfoliation and the
resulting turnover of new cells in the outer epidermal layer of the
is increasing evidence however, that AHAs may be working at a much
deeper level. There may well be increases in procollagen and Type I
collagen that occur in the deeper dermis layer brought about by long
term treatment with AHAs.
study showed that topical treatment twice a day for 3 months with 5%
glycolic acid cream at pH 2.8 affected surface and epidermal changes,
while the same treatment, but with a 12% cream reached deeper and
influenced both the epidermis and the deeper dermis layer, and resulted
in increased epidermal and dermal firmness and thickness. Both showed
clinical improvement in skin smoothness and in the appearance of lines
study showed that AHAs may thin the outer stratum corneum, but actually
end up increasing the overall thickness of the epidermis. This
thickening is accompanied by increased synthesis of glycosaminoglycans
and collagen. It is apparent that alpha-hydroxy acids may do more than
just increase exfoliation and skin cell turnover.
You will need to adjust the pH to 3.0 before use or selling.
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